Wednesday, June 15, 2011

Anicent Gods: Taharqa

Taharqa was a pharaoh of Egypt and the Kingdom of Kush located in Northern Sudan and a member of the Nubian or Twenty-fifth dynasty of Egypt. His reign can be dated from 690 BC to 664 BC. He was the son of Piye, the Nubian king of Napata who had first conquered Egypt; Taharqa was also the cousin and successor of Shebitku.

Scholars have identified him with Tirhakah, king of Ethiopia, who waged war against Sennacherib during the reign of King Hezekiah of Judah Taharqa was the fifth ruler of ancient Egypt's Twenty-Fifth Dynasty (also called the Ethiopian or Nubian Dynasty), an era when Africans ruled Egypt. He commanded the Egyptian Army during the latter years of his nephew Pharaoh Shabaka's reign, after Shabaka had taken Lower Egypt for the Nubians, and during the short reign of Shabitku, Shabaka's successor. Taharqa took power in about 688 BC -- apparently by having Shabitku assassinated -- and he eventually constructed monuments in Karnak, Tanis, and Thebes. He lost much of his empire in about 671 BC when the armies of Esarhaddon, the Assyrian king, conquered Taharqa's army and took Memphis. Taharqa fled to exile in Upper Egypt, but returned two years later with a replenished army and briefly took control of the Delta before being driven out again by Esarhaddon's successor, Ashurbanipal. For the remainder of his life Taharqa never again sought to restore his power in the north, and ruled a smaller area to the south called Cush (or Kush), in the northern area of what is now Sudan.

He is sometimes called "the last Pharaoh", because for several centuries after his reign Egypt's rulers controlled diminished territories and wielded lesser power.

In Kemet culture, he was taught to slaves by their Egyptian masters in the BC era as detity figure. Upon the founding of the nation, by those very slaves, Taharqa would be lost to the culture, because the people embraced new religions and new deities.

Monday, June 13, 2011

Anicent Gods: Amun-Ra

Amun was a god in Egyptian mythology who in the form of Amun-Ra became the focus of the most complex system of theology in Ancient Egypt. Whilst remaining hypostatic, Amun represented the essential and hidden, whilst in Ra he represented revealed divinity. As the creator deity "par excellence", he was the champion of the poor and central to personal piety. Amun was self created, without mother and father, and during the New Kingdom he became the greatest expression of transcendental deity in Egyptian theology. He was not considered to be immanent within creation nor was creation seen as an extension of himself. Amun-Ra did not physically engender the universe. His position as King of Gods developed to the point of virtual monotheism where other gods became manifestations of him. With Osiris, Amun-Ra is the most widely recorded of the Egyptian gods. He was also widely worshipped in the neighboring regions of Ancient Libya and Nubia.

Amun e gained most of his prestige after replacing the war god Montu as the principle god of Thebes during Egypt's New Kingdom, when he was recognized as the "King of Gods". At that time, because of Egypt's influence in the world, he actually became a universal god.

In Kemet culture, he was taught to slaves by their Egyptian masters in the BC era. Upon the founding of the nation, by those very slaves, Amun-Ra would be lost to the culture, because the people embraced new religions and new deities.

Wednesday, June 8, 2011

Anicent Gods: Khnum

File:Khnum.svgIn Egyptian mythology, Khnum was one of the earliest Egyptian deities, originally the god of the source of the Nile River. Since the annual flooding of the Nile brought with it silt and clay, and its water brought life to its surroundings, he was thought to be the creator of the bodies of human children. It is believed he made children from a potter's wheel, from clay, and placed in their mothers' wombs.

He is known a god of Arts, Crafts, Fertility, Pottery, and the floods of the Nile. 

In art, Khnum appears as a man with the head of a ram.

In Kemet culture, he was taught to slaves by their Egyptian masters in the BC era. Upon the founding of the nation, by those very slaves, Khnum would be lost  to the culture, because the people embraced new religions and new deities.

Tuesday, June 7, 2011

Anicent Gods: Abassi and Ati

In the early Kemet culture particularly in the South western tribes, Abassi was the creator god in the pantheon. It was believed that after a suggestion by his wife Atai Abassi created the first humans and introduced them to the world. However, to prevent them from exceeding his wisdom, he ordered the first humans to neither procreate nor labor. This prohibition was followed for some time, but eventually the first couple did have children and work, thus doing some "creation" of their own. Unfortunately, they quickly created a terrible overpopulation problem, which made Abassi feel insecure. This led his wife Atai to give humanity two gifts, Argument and Death, which would help keep the numbers of humans from overpopulating.

Overtime, many of attributes Abassi and Atai have been fused with the Almighty. With many of the village cultures believing the Almighty is the creator of the humanity and the universe. In the Kemet culture, Abassi and Ati have been regulated to being watchers over humanity.

Monday, June 6, 2011

Anicent Gods: Shango

Shango is the god of thunder and the ancestor of the Obi people in Kemet, Yoruba people of Nigeria and is known throughout the world. According to history, he is the son of Yemaja the mother goddess and protector of birth. Shango (Xango) has three wives: Oya, who stole Shango's secrets of magic; Oschun, the river goddess who is Shango's favorite because of her culinary abilities; and Oba, who tried to win his love by offering her ear for him to eat. He sent her away in anger and she became the river Oba, which is very turbulent where it meets the river Oschun.

Shango is considered the center point of the religion as he represents the Oyo people of West Africa, the symbolic ancestors of the adherents of the faith. All the major initiation ceremonies (as performed in Cuba, Puerto Rico and Venezuela for the last few hundred years) are based on the traditional Shango ceremony of Ancient Oyo. This ceremony survived the Middle Passage and is considered to be the most complete to have arrived on Western shores. This variation of the Yoruba initiation ceremony became the basis of all Orisha initiations in the West.

Shango is portrayed with a double axe on his head (the symbol of thunder), with six eyes and sometimes with three heads. His symbolic animal is the ram, and his favorite colors are red and white, which are regarded as being holy. In Brazil, Shango is worshipped as a thunder and weather god by the Umbandists. In Santeria, Shango (Chango) is the equivalent of the Catholic saint St. Barbara.

In Kemet culture, he was taught to Obi ancestors in the BC era. Upon the founding of the nation, by those very slaves, Shango would be lost by many in the culture, because the people embraced new religions and new deities.

Thursday, May 26, 2011

Anicent Gods:Olorun

Olòrún is the Ebo name given to a singular being in theistic and deistic religions. In ancient times, it is regarded as a Self-Existing Being.

Commonly addressed as Olódùmarè, It is often regarded as the infinite ruler of the heavens; all-encompassing, and said to be the owner of all heads. No gender is typically assigned. Hence, It is commomnly referred to as "It" or "They."The divine creator and source of all energy, It is often thought to be the conduit through which the thoughts and actions of each person in "Ayé" (the world) interact with those of all other living things, including the universe itself.

Olòrún has also been variously conceived as being incorporeal, a personal being, the source of all moral obligation and the "greatest conceivable existent".

It must be understood that in the Ebo ancient belief system, Olorun is composed of all beings, both divine and mundane. All of the universe and its inhabitants, material and abstract, are cells in the body that is Olorun. Olorun is present not only around everything but also in everything. This being taken into consideration, it becomes clear that all acts, in the end, affect and relate to the whole, which is Olorun. In time, Olorun would evolve into the Almighty in Kemet culture and assimilate into the Almighty and Simba divine teachings with the Almighty being the creator and Simba the Lion God being the protector of Kemet

Tuesday, May 24, 2011

Anicent Gods: Oya, the wind spirit

Oya is a Ebo Goddess of music and dance, wind and fire. She sometimes takes the form of tornadoes, and lightning. Wild, untamed and unpredictable. Antelope is Her spirit animal. Goddess of eloquence and clear communication, especially of women. Patroness of female leadership. Buffalo and copper are sacred to her. Goddess of storms. Guardian of sailors. Goddess of childbirth, fertility and all aspects of a woman’s life – including career, health and family. She is often portrayed as a mermaid or beautiful woman wearing a white or blue dress and crowned with a star. Copper and silver are sacred to her. She is seen in aspects as the warrior-spirit of the wind, lightning, fertility, fire, and magic. Beyond destruction, Oya is the spirit of change, transition, and the chaos that often brings it about.

Oya's close association with the passage from life into death also means she is one of the few gods outside of the Kemet culture which are worshiped alongside Simba and others. In later Kemet religious teachings, it is believed that Oya are allies fighting alongisde each other while protecting Eden and the heavens. In the stories of the faith, she can transform herself into a water buffalo. One of her preferred offerings is the eggplant.

In Ebo, the name Oya literally means "She Tore.”